I think I’ve got it…

Okay, am totally tempted not to tag this with either #edem630 or #sp4ed……surely my ramblings and wanderings as I use this blog to muddle my way through are going to become ho-hum!    (great word :p)

My thinking now, with food in my belly and the remnants of pretty much a whole tree around me, is that I’ve found some clarity.

With my Abu Dhabi hat on….

Issue: what will education in 2030 look like?

Axis ‘thingys’ : one axis on the uncertainty regarding personalisation of learning –  what is learnt, how and why etc. Who will be ‘in control’ of the learning? Student vs govt / central agency. A second axis exploring idea of fragmented, individualistic vs. cohesive, community at the other.

Technology (broad sweeping term here for now) is a trend – it will impact on education regardless of which scenario is to come true. But how it will impact will be different for each. So I’ll explore technology within each quadrant. Then, when writing the conclusion to the scenario I’ll make implications for change, such as relating to assessment practices, rethinking rules on BYOD & establishing culturally-required safetynets etc.

Yep, don’t worry – the actual matrix is still to come. My indecipherable scribble is about to be technologized!    :p

Definitely still open to comments on the earlier post though, and the idea of having ‘assessment’ as a key uncertainty.

Knowing me, my mind will change again…….(yes, small writing for a reason!)
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Help needed…

Looking for some advice about the scenario matrix – I’ve been looking at the marking rubric for the overall assignment and it’s made me pull my head out of storyland and get back to the real world a bit….easy to go off on a storywriting tangent!  🙂

Firstly, I’m not sure whether to use as my issue:

–           What will assessment look like in 2030?    OR

–           ‘What will education look like in 2030?’ and to then explore assessment within that.
What would you recommend?

In terms of the axis for my matrix, I’m planning to have one which is to do with centralized control vs learner choice (prosumer)…..very similar to the axis on the Knowledgeworks matrix.

For the other axis I have three ideas and I’m confused about which to go with:

  1. I was thinking of having ‘what is the knowledge worth knowing?’, and having ‘content with an undertone of skills’ vs ‘competencies with an undertone of content.’ But does this give enough scope? Or is it too narrow? I’ve brainstormed each of the quadrants (lots of fun!) but not sure if it fits within ‘plausible’ and has a clear enough interplay with trends.
  2. Another option I’ve been brainstorming is ‘technology high impact….technology low impact’. If I were doing this then obviously my issue would have to be looking at assessment in 2030, as it’s a given that tech will play a big role in education in 2030. But do you also think that it’s a given technology will play a role in assessment?
  3. The final idea in my head is to do with ‘individualistic vs community’ 

Don’t know if this makes sense…definite stream of consciousness! Feedback appreciated  🙂

Hmmm….a few hours later and a few more thoughts later – how much does this assignment have to tie in to our research topic? Ie. do I have to consider assessment here, as that’s what I’m doing my research topic on. Or is this completely stand alone?

m

Trending 1-2-3

 Thinking about trends in education….

What is my context?

Secondary school education, particularly senior secondary and looking at trends with a focus on what is likely to drive change in assessment practices. I have links to both the NZ and the Emirate of Abu Dhabi education systems. I haven’t yet decided whether I’m going to focus in on one of these or keep a more general perspective. To be determined….!

However, given the international world we live in and the way education is becoming increasingly more global, in the case of these two settings major trends influencing education that have relevance to assessment practices are the same.

It’s interesting to read both the Horizon reports and CORE Education’s top ten trends, as well as conduct a Google search into trends affecting education – it seems (as I guess would be expected or else they wouldn’t be trends!) that everyone is identifying the same key things. Narrowing it down to the two or three that seemed most relevant to the context I’m exploring was quite difficult as there is a lot of interrelatedness and intertwining! But here goes:

  • Personalisation of learning & learning pathways

As teachers become facilitators of learning and students take a more self-directed approach, it seems possible that assessment could / would / should follow suit. The issue of how to engage today’s learners and how to best educate them in today’s Knowledge Economy has been discussed for a long time now, with a more personalised approach to learning coming up as one possible solution. Also, there is an increased awareness in the need to develop certain skills and competencies in our youth, rather than fill them with information (which may have been appropriate in the Industrial Age but does not work in a world where Google instantly tells all). Thus, having a personalised ‘content’ curriculum, while fostering particular skills such as collaboration, networking and self-reflection, is becoming ever more useful. Technology is an aid to this in that it allows students around the world to connect with each other and essentially opens up the whole world within a classroom.

  • Shift in education paradigms to include blended learning and collaborative models + social learning and a blurring of the boundaries between formal and informal learning

Classrooms are no longer the 4-walled space they used to be, with technology being used in lessons in a variety of ways to enhance learning. Teachers are making use of web 2.0 tools such as blogs, wikis etc to build a community of collaboration within their classrooms and extend outwards to family, community and the world. Students are increasingly engaging in social learning tasks, both face-to-face and virtually, as well as conscious self-reflection. This reflection process may not even always be as a part of formal schooling, but could be informally, such as through a personal blog.  As Vygotsky’s theory of sociocultural learning details, this two part process of social interaction combined with intraflection is a key part of development.  I believe this shift in education paradigms could impact on assessment by influencing a similar shift in assessment paradigms, forcing us to reconsider our reasons for and ways of assessing.

  • Access – Open source software, web 2.0, BYOD, cloud storage, etc enabling ease of use and widespread accessibility

More and more schools are adopting a BYOD policy, working with collaborative online tools and making use of open source software, both within classrooms and for school admin. Large amounts of free ‘in the cloud’ storage is available to schools, as are a wide variety of free web-based tools (eg. Google sites).  This means that having technology as a key feature of any assessment program is much more viable and cost effective. Also, students can have access anytime, anywhere, meaning assessment no longer needs to be tied to a particular time or place.

What else could impact on assessment practices in the future?

  • If there is a continued move towards competencies and skills over content knowledge
  • Assessment for learning continues to grow, whereas assessment of learning is seen as no longer valuable
  • Student expectations of why they are learning, and why they are being assessed
  • Changes to tertiary sector assessment practices, as senior secondary may feel a need to move in a similar direction
  • Virtual & ubiquitous learning

 A final thought….

Given the length of time it takes to make widespread changes to assessment practices, perhaps it needs to be even more visionary and make forward-thinking, innovative change now, rather than following along behind, out of touch and out of date with the realities of those it seeks to assess. 

Through the eyes of a decision maker…

Scenario: A Vibrant Learning Grid (KnowledgeWorks)

I have chosen to review the scenario through the lens of an Advisor to the Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC) strategic planning senior management team. ADEC are currently in the middle of a staggered roll out of the New School Model (NSM) in all public schools from KG through to Grade 12. Teachers in the public schools are a mix of native Arab teachers (from the UAE as well as Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan etc) and Western-trained expatriate teachers (largely from the US but also other Western countries). In addition, ADEC have recently begun to take a more active approach to monitoring private schools in the Emirate.

 

Summary:

In the scenario A Vibrant Learning Grid learners have a great deal of autonomy over their learning and are able to select learning experiences suited to their needs from within a vibrant learning ecosystem. Learning is available on an as/when needed basis and students work with personal education advisors to develop their own individual pathway. Physical school buildings still exist but they have become more a hub for the community, and a place for networking and collaboration. Open access and collaboration amongst learning providers is an essential aspect of this scenario. One potential issue arises in ensuring learning experiences are equally accessible to all, especially with parents taking more control of managing their child’s education. Another is that learners who have not had the opportunity to develop key skills such as networking and coordination may find navigating the learning terrain difficult and so miss out on opportunities.

Key drivers of change:

–       Personalization of education

–       Development of a learning ecosystem within which many providers operate as part of a coherent whole

Decision brainstorming (framed as questions)

  • What strategies can we put in place now to ensure that the education ecosystem available to our learners is compatible with our Islamic values and culture?
  • How can we develop links with other Gulf countries in order to work towards the establishment of a strong geographical learning community within the region? Should we also consider establishing ties with other Muslim countries outside the Gulf? What about international ties?
  • How should we go about setting up a digital resource library so that resources are open access and can be easily accessed by our own learners and those within our geographical learning community?
  • Does the NSM adequately provide for the development of skills such as visual literacy, collaboration, networking and flexibility? If not, what changes do we need to make to ensure learners are challenged and guided to develop in these, and other, skill areas?
  • Should we continue hiring Western-trained native English speaking teachers or should we focus on developing our own localized teacher education programs?
  • What will be our physical ‘school’ space? What will it look like and what will we offer? What about our virtual space?
  • What is our virtual space? What formal and/or informal learning can we offer already?
  • How can we develop the private school sector so that they become a part of our overall learning community and not separate entities, from the public sector and from each other?
  • Related to the above question, what steps can we take to develop a stronger sense of community within education? How can we make better use of resources outside of the regular school setting?
  • Should we continue to be moving towards bilingual English education? Or should we look at returning to having English as a foreign language option and open the door for students to learn other languages, as chosen by them?
  • Is our NSM serving us for the future? Should we review it again in light of a move towards personalized learning pathways?
  • How can we modify our current assessment design to reflect the fact that learners will be choosing their own pathways and there will be less standardized curriculum content?

Two most important strategic decisions:

  1. Develop links within local and regional community to establish a strong geographical learning ecosystem in which a majority of members share the same values and beliefs while at the same time incorporating an outer ring of international connections. This ecosystem should develop in a way that sees it offering learning opportunities that are extensive in depth and breadth and embrace both the homegrown as well as global. It should also embrace the principles of open access. As part of this, ADEC should develop a plan for establishing it’s own virtual identity.
  2. Review the New School Model before it is rolled out in Cycle 3 schools to consider the following issues and make changes as necessary:
    • Curriculum – is it flexible enough to allow students to personalize their own learning pathway?
    • Skills – does it foster the development of key skills, such as visual literacy, collaboration, networking and flexibility?
    • Assessment – does the proposed assessment system support (a) and (b) above?

Why these two decisions? Due to the fact that these two decisions address the key drivers of change behind the Vibrant Learning Grid scenario. Without addressing these two key areas now, it will be difficult for ADEC to be a successful educational organization should this scenario come true. The other decisions that need to be made in part are dependant on the above decisions first having been worked through. For example, without a thorough review of the NSM there would be no point in changing the policy on hiring western trained teachers. Likewise, setting up a digital libray and moving towards open access resources would most effectively be done as part of an overarching plan to establish a virtual identity.

Transferability?

Decision 1: The idea of building close community ties within the UAE (and potentially also the Gulf region) is transferable across all the other scenarios. Close collaboration amongst local entities is important in all cases, but in different ways and for different reasons. For example, in the Providers Control Scarce Resources scenario, community-based groups will have to work in partnership will school to ensure some kind of learning opportunities exist and are shared equitable amongst learners. By contrast, in the Providers Run A Rich National System scenario, there is a local consortium made up of public and private sector members working together to ensure that top-notch education is on offer that catapults learners to the top of the world tables in all subjects.

Decision 2: Partly transferable to the Learners Fend For Themselves scenario, wherein learners are prosumers but learning resources are scarce. Why? Because the same key skills will be important, perhaps even more so if resources are that much harder to come by. As well as this, personalization of learning is still a key part of this scenario. It is also partly transferable to the Providers Run A Rich National System scenario in that the same key skills will also be essential in ensuring ‘top of the table’ success. However, the lack of a highly structured national curriculum does not work with this scenario.

Reference:  http://knowledgeworks.org/learning-in-2025

thinking about uncertainties

Just watched the DeutschePost video on possible futures for 2050  – think I’m in the wrong career….that looked like fun to make! I like their self-proclaimed DP as a ‘driver of change’ and am going to try to remember to throw that into the mix in session 4 of the mOOC as a little lighthearted suggestion :p

So now I’m trying to do a bit of pre-planning thinking and pull together my ideas on key uncertainties as related to secondary education, more specifically the UAE public school system and New School Model. This is due to be rolled out in Cycle 2 schools (grades 6-9) in the coming academic year (Sept 2013) and Cycle 3 schools (grades 10-12), which is were my focus lies, some time after that. What are possible future uncertainties that are in my mind so far?

  • the idea of student choice & autonomy (maybe this is the prosumer idea) vs. regulated national curriculums set by government bodies
  • the idea of a learning oasis vs learning desert, as outlined in the KnowledgeWorks scenarios 
  • to what extent globalization will continue or will there be a move to a more community / local region focus

The thinking continues!

“It’s much better to be vaguely right than precisely wrong”.

I chose this Pierre Wack quote (taken from The World and South Africa in the 2010s as the title for my post because for me it ties together some key elements of scenario planning:

  • we are not trying to predict exactly what will happen in the future
  • effective scenario planning moves us away from being tied to only one outcome, or future story
  • SP is not an exact science – there is an element of intuition and creativity inherent in its design

There are of course other ideas which are also important, such as working collaboratively, but for me the above three points were things that came as a surprise to me, but which I really like.

Out of the SP examples included in our course material, the NAPDI North Star scenarios really resonated with me. I liked seeing how SP can be used outside of a business / commercial / governmental setting. For me, the process they went through enabled a strong community voice to be heard and created the opportunity for people to come together. From the document it seems clear that everyone involved took the process seriously while at the same time having some fun – the news headlines are great! The input from different parties is also clearly visible, which I think is important with an initiative such as this one. Would I like to be involved in something like this? Absolutely.

Thinking about SP in relation to my own context is something I’m still trying to get my head around. I’m not sure yet how to go about identifying the key issue, which as Tim Nelson outlined in his blog post is crucial. Also, I’ve got many possible key uncertainties floating around in my head which may or may not be relevant to my topic. Also, I’m not sure how far into the future we’re supposed to be thinking when we come up with uncertainties and scenarios. Are we taking a similar timeframe to Niki (ie. 5 years) or are we looking more longterm, such as 15 or 20 years? Or is it up to us to choose? More thinking to be done on this over the weekend! I do think, however, that SP is a useful tool for schools in general and also for my chosen area, ie. technology & assessment. Finally, I’ve really enjoyed this section 2 of the SP4Ed mooc – it’s been challenging thinking but interesting and stimulating , and the twitter chats are fun!    🙂

Important skills for generating effective scenarios

I like Oliver’s idea about needing to be able to assimilate and synthesize. You don’t need to have all the ideas yourself….in fact it’s better not to! But you do need to be able to pull everything together. I was blown away when he mentioned they might sometimes have 400-500 key influences that then get bundled together. This made me realize just how important the above characteristics are. It also made me reflect on senior secondary schooling – how we say we want to teach higher order thinking skills, but do we really do it? Or are we forced to pay lip service to it and then teach to the largely content-based assessments? A cynics view I’m sure, but it is early in the morning!  

Open minded – this is essential. You have to be open to future scenarios that may be far outside your own realm of thinking or comfort. To be able to accept, discuss and imagine yourself in this future requires an open mind. Tied to this, being prepared to listen to the viewpoints of people outside the ‘usual’ area requires an open mind.  I think it’s relevant for everyone involved, but it may be particularly relevant for people high up the food chain and new to the process of SP or those who are very stuck in their ways and resistant to change.

I think you need to be aware. Aware of the world around you, aware of the past, aware of what’s going on in sectors other than your own, aware of any growing international ‘feeling’, aware of social movements, aware of the youth…….just aware!

 

References:

Lindgren, M., & Bandhold, H. (2003).  Scenario Planning: The Link Between Future and Strategy. Palgrave MacMillan: Houndmills, UK.  Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/kqux3px

Author Unknown. (2011). Eyes Wide Open: Embraching Uncertainty Through Scenario Planning.  Retrieved from http://mackinstitute.wharton.upenn.edu/2011/eyes-wide-open-embracing-uncertainty-through-scenario-planning/